Modern Languages

Image Caption

College of Arts and Sciences

The Faculty of Arts and Letters

Stroud Hall, Room 208

570-422-3407......www.esu.edu/flng

About the Program

Studying a foreign language at East Stroudsburg University offers students an ideal opportunity to broaden their intellectual horizons, improve their communication skills, and gain a genuine understanding of another culture. Students may greatly enhance their prospects of employment by pursuing Spanish or French either as an autonomous major or as a second major in conjunction with such disciplines as Business, Health Studies, Psychology, Hotel/Restaurant/Tourism, English, History or Communications, among other fields.

Employment / Career Opportunities

As employment opportunities become increasingly international in their orientation, language majors may find new career possibilities in the realms of international business, media or technology. With a careful selection of courses supplementing their language major, it is possible for a student to pursue graduate studies in medicine, business, or law. Whatever a student's professional interest, pursuing the study of a foreign language can only enhance the potential for success while increasing marketability.

Department of Modern Languages / Program

The primary mission of the Department of Modern Languages at East Stroudsburg University is to offer students a comprehensive program of studies in French or Spanish. Students may choose from a bachelor of arts degree -- typically leading to a career in translation, business, government, or social services -- or a bachelor of science degree, which includes K-12 teaching certification.

A strong minor in Interdisciplinary German Studies is also offered by the department. This program draws from language courses and German-related coursework in History, Economics, Geography and Political Sciences. French and Spanish minors are also offered.

Complementing the majors and minors is a rich variety of additional language offerings: Arabic, Chinese, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Portuguese and Russian.

Whatever level of language study chosen by the student, the basic goal remains the same: to acquire useful proficiency in that language, with meaningful cultural knowledge. In its pursuit of these goals, the department follows the guidelines and standards established by such professional organizations as the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), the Modern Language Association of America (MLA), National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) and the various professional organizations affiliated with those languages in which degrees are offered (AATSP, AATF, AATG, NSE, ISEP).

Overseas Travel / Study

Overseas travel and study opportunities offer students unparalleled insight into the language and culture, and also shed new light on professional possibilities. Study abroad is a transformative experience on many levels. The great majority of ESU language majors and minors opt to spend a month, a semester or a full academic year in another country. ESU's Office of International Programs assists students with choosing a destination, academic integration of overseas credits, financial planning and issues of acculturation. As a member of the National Student Exchange (NSE) and the International Student Exchange Program (ISEP), ESU ensures that students receive the widest possible selection of destinations at the lowest possible cost.

Are you are interested in...

  • Becoming fluent in a second or third language
  • Gaining a competitive edge with a valuable second major
  • Unique travel experiences
  • Exploring other cultures in-depth

Choose Modern Languages at ESU

  • Small class sizes
  • Skilled faculty from around the world
  • Intersections with Business, Health Studies, etc.
  • Extensive career placement
  • State-of-the-art Language Learning Center
  • Affordable study abroad

Is Language Study a career path for me?

Career Potential

  • Language Educator
  • Translator / Interpreter
  • Hospitality Program Manager
  • Bilingual Specialist in Healthcare, Sales, Social Work
  • Linguist

Career Settings

  • K-12 Schools
  • International Business
  • Media Communications
  • Technology
  • United Nations or Peace Corps
  • Graduate School

More detailed career information is available from the department.

Bachelor of Arts in French

Bachelor of Arts in Spanish

    • Required major courses: FLSP 310, 315 (or 416), 336; FLNG 361; 18 additional semester hours, three of which must be met with a 400-level literature course. (Language course 116 is not counted toward the major.)
    • Please see the university requirements in this catalog.

    Note: All students pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree in French or Spanish must complete a minimum of 12 credits at ESU in their target language at a level higher than Language 215 (Language IV). Of these 12 credits, a minimum of three (3) credits must be at the 400 level.

    Students must maintain a minimum quality point average of 2.50 in the major. No grade less than "C" will be accepted in any course within the major.

    Additional information is in the Foreign Language Department and available upon request. The department very strongly encourages students majoring in a language to participate in foreign study. Appropriate credit will be awarded for courses taken through programs approved by the department.

    The Pennsylvania Department of Education has made some recent changes in teacher certification requirements. Anyone applying for teacher certification after December 31, 2012 will be subject to different program and certification requirements. These requirements will be published pending approval by the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. ALL teacher education students should be in frequent consultation with their academic advisers to make sure they are meeting the appropriate program and certification requirements which will vary depending on a variety of circumstances.

Bachelor of Arts in French and Spanish

  • Suggested Program Curriculum Plan

    (Subject to change by the university without notice)

    Freshman Year

    Fall

    Language 214

    3

    ENGL 103 English Composition

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #1

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #1

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #1

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Spring

    Language 215

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #2

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #2

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #2

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #3

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Sophomore Year

    Fall

    Language 235 French/300-level Spanish

    3

    Language 200/300 level

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #4

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #3

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #3

    3

    Fitness Elective

    1

    Subtotal

    16

    Spring

    Language 315

    3

    Language 336

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #4

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #4

    3

    Elective

    3

    Fitness Elective

    1

    Subtotal

    16

    Junior Year

    Fall

    Language 310 (Spanish) Language 200/300 level

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #5

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #5

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #5

    3

    Elective/FLNG 361 Linguistics (Spanish)

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Spring

    Language 300/400-Level

    3

    Elective

    3

    Language 343 (French) / or Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Senior Year

    Fall

    Language 400-level Literature

    3

    Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Spring

    Language 400-level Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Elective

    3

    Elective

    1

    Subtotal

    13

    Total Credits

    120

    For more information, contact the department by calling 570-422-3407

Bachelor of Science in French and Spanish

  • Suggested Program Curriculum Plan

    (Subject to change by university without notice)

    Freshman Year

    Fall

    Language 214

    3

    ENGL 103 English Composition

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #1

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #1

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #1

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Spring

    Language 215

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #2 English

    3

    General Education Elective - Science with a lab #2

    4

    PSED 150 Introduction to Teaching All Students

    6

    Subtotal

    16

    Sophomore Year - Fall

    Language 235/200-Level Language

    3

    PSED 250 Psychology of Learners in Diverse Communities

    3

    General Education Elective- Humanities #3

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #2

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #3 Math

    3

    Fitness Elective

    1

    Subtotal

    16

    Spring

    Language 315

    3

    Language 336 or 416

    3

    SPED 350 Assessment of Student Learning and Behavior

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #4 Math

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Science #3

    3

    Fitness Elective

    1

    Subtotal

    16

    Junior Year

    Fall

    Language 310 (Spanish)/300-400 Language (French)

    3

    REED 350 Teaching Reading to Communities of Diverse Learners

    3

    General Education Elective - Social Sciences #4

    3

    FLNG 361 Introduction to Linguistics

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #4

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Spring

    Language 300/400-level Elective

    3

    Language 300/400-level Elective

    3

    PSED 420 Seminar in Secondary Education I

    3

    General Education Elective - Humanities #5

    3

    General Education Elective - Science #5

    3

    Subtotal

    15

    Senior Year

    Fall

    Language 400-level Literature

    3

    General Education Elective- Social Science #5

    3

    PSED 416 Teaching of Foreign Language

    3

    PSED 421 Seminar in Secondary Education II

    2

    Language 343 (French)/Elective

    3

    Subtotal

    14

    Spring

    PSED 430 Student Teaching in Secondary Education/Middle School/Junior High School

    6

    PSED 431 Student Teaching in Secondary Education/Senior High School

    6

    FLNG 499 Student Teaching Internship

    1

    Subtotal

    13

    Total Credits

    120

    NOTE: Students must schedule Praxis I before spring break of the sophomore year in order to be screened into the Secondary Education program.

    Teacher education program requirements have been changed to reflect new certification rules for students applying for certification after December 31, 2012.

    For more information, contact the department by calling 570-422-3407

    Note

    All students pursuing a bachelor of science degree in French or Spanish must maintain a minimum quality point average of 3.0 in the major. No grade less than "C" will be accepted for the major.

    The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania has established new requirements for all candidates in teacher preparation programs. Please refer to the section The College of Education in the Undergraduate Catalog for specific requirements for admission into teacher education programs.

    Certification encompasses kindergarten through grade 12.

    All students pursuing a bachelor of science degree in French or Spanish must complete a minimum of 12 credits at ESU in their target language at a level higher than Language 215 (Language IV). Of these 12 credits, a minimum of three (3) credits must be at the 400 level.

    Students seeking a bachelor of science degree or certification in French or Spanish must pass through a series of eight assessments that are mandates as part of the department's NCATE accreditation status (National Recognition). These include: (1) the ACTFL telephonic Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI); (2) the Praxis II Spanish Content Knowledge exam; (3) a Target-Language Linguistics Assessment; (4) a Unit Plan; (5) an observation during Student Teaching; (6) a Case Study during Student Teaching; (7) the Capstone Exam in Civilization of the French or Spanish-speaking world; and (8) an Essay on a Immersion Experience. See the department for further details.

    Students must take the OPI before entering student teaching, passing at the Advanced Low level or higher. Candidates for the bachelor of science degree in French or Spanish will also be required to demonstrate appropriate language proficiency through an exit interview conducted by faculty members within the appropriate language component.

    Students Returning for Certification Only:

    A. Requirements for Students with a Previous Degree in a Field other than Language of Certification

    These students must follow all requirements as set forth for the bachelor of science candidates. Students must complete the equivalent of 27 upper-level credits in the language plus a Linguistics course and a Methods course. Native-speakers must take all course work at the 300-400 levels.

    B. Requirements for Students with a Previous Degree in Language of Certification

    These students will be handled on a case-by-case basis. An oral interview in the target language will be conducted with members of the faculty from the language area. Following this initial interview, the faculty of the language area, in consultation with the chair, will decide upon the number of additional credits (if any) required of the candidate.

    Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science with a Double Major— Foreign Language + Foreign Language

    Language levels 116 and 117 are counted for one of the languages. For all other requirements, refer to the Foreign Language B.A. or B.S. program.

    Elementary Education Concentration

    This is a single subject area of concentration in French or Spanish. Students will be required to complete a minimum of 12 credits in the target language starting with language levels III and IV. Courses must include one of the following: FLFR 235; FLFR/FLSP 315; FLFR/FLSP 336. Students must maintain a 2.50 quality point average in their area of concentration. No grade less than "C" will be accepted in any course within the concentration.

    Modern Language General

    The following courses may not be counted toward the major: FLFR 120; FLSP 120; FLFR 141; FLSP 143. These courses do count toward General Education.

    Departmental Authorization of Credits for Native Speakers

    This option is available only to native speakers of French or Spanish. Such a student will apply for authorization only after having spent at least two semesters at East Stroudsburg University and only after having completed two language courses at ESU at the 300 level or above, and having earned a QPA of 3.0 or better in the major.

    The student will be required to write a detailed statement in the target language concerning the extent of language experience and the relation of that language experience to a legitimate course of study. Each application will receive the consideration of the total department membership, and the decision concerning the number of credits to be granted will be decided collaboratively between the department chair and the professors of the language area in question. The maximum number of credits which may be granted by the department is six.

    The Department of Modern Languages may authorize credit only for those languages in which it offers a major, namely French or Spanish. This policy also applies to any credits granted through examination. (See Department of Foreign Languages for specific information.)

    Native speakers choosing a major in their native language will be required to complete 12 credits at the 300-400 level, in addition to required courses.

    Please note: Native speakers choosing courses in their native language (but not majoring in the language) will be placed in appropriate courses by Foreign Language Faculty.

    General Education Offerings:

    Students with advanced language skills who start a language sequence at a level above the GE courses listed may substitute that course(s) as valid GE offerings.

    For more information, contact the department by calling 570-422-3407

    Stroud Hall, Room 208 570-422-3407 www.esu.edu/ml

Bachelor of Science with a French Major (Education)

    • Required major courses: FLFR 235, 315, 336; 343, FLNG 361, 499; 15 additional semester hours, three of which must be met with a 400-level literature course. (Language courses 116 and 117 are not counted toward the major.)
    • Required professional education courses: MCOM 262; PSED 161, 242, 416, 420, 421, 430, 431; REED 321.
    • Required tests: ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (with a ranking at "Advanced Low"), PRAXIS I, PRAXIS Fundamental Subjects Content Knowledge (#30511), PRAXIS French Content Knowledge (#20173).
    • Note: All students pursuing a Bachelor of Science Degree in French must maintain a minimum quality point average of 3.0 in the major. No grade less than "B" will be accepted for the major.
    • Please see the university requirements in this catalog.
    • Note: Certification encompasses kindergarten through grade 12.

Bachelor of Science with a Spanish Major (Education)

    • Required major courses: FLSP, 310, 315 (or 416), 336; FLNG 361, 499; 18 additional semester hours, three of which must be met with a 400 level literature course. (Language courses 116 and 117 are not counted toward the major.)
    • Required professional education courses: MCOM 262; PSED 161, 242, 416, 420, 421, 430, 431; REED 321.
    • Required tests: ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (with a ranking at "Advanced Low"), PRAXIS I, PRAXIS Fundamental Subjects Content Knowledge (#30511), PRAXIS Spanish Content Knowledge (#10191).
    • Note: All students pursuing a Bachelor of Science Degree in Spanish must maintain a minimum quality point average of 3.0 in the major. No grade less than B will be accepted for the major.
    • Please see the university requirements in this catalog.
    • Certification encompasses kindergarten through grade 12.

    Note: All students pursuing a bachelor of science degree in French or Spanish must complete a minimum of 12 credits at ESU in their target language at a level higher than Language 215 (Language IV). Of these 12 credits, a minimum of three credits must be at the 400-level.

    Students seeking a bachelor of science degree or certification in French or Spanish must take the ACTFL telephonic Oral Proficiency Interview before entering student teaching. It is expected that students will pass the test at the Advanced Low level. These candidates will also be required to demonstrate appropriate language proficiency through an exit interview conducted by faculty members within the appropriate language component.

    Students must maintain a minimum quality point average of 3.0 in the major. No grade less than B will be accepted in any course within the major.

    The department very strongly encourages students majoring in a language to participate in foreign study. Appropriate credit will be awarded for courses taken through programs pre-approved by the department.

    Additional information may be found in the Foreign Languages Department or online.

    Students Returning for Certification Only:

    A. Requirements for Students with a Previous Degree in a Field other than Language of Certification

    These students must follow all requirements as set forth for the bachelor of science candidates. Students must complete the equivalent of 27 upper-level credits in the language plus a Linguistics course and a Methods course. Native-speakers must take all course work at the 300-400 levels. (See B.S. Requirements)

    B. Requirements for Students with a Previous Degree in Language of Certification

    These students will be handled on a case-by-case basis. An oral interview in the target language will be conducted with members of the faculty from the language area. Following this initial interview, the faculty of the language area, in consultation with the chair, will decide upon the number of additional credits (if any) required of the candidate.

Bachelor of Arts or Science with a Double Major (Foreign Language + Foreign Language)

German Interdisciplinary Studies Minor

  • The nine German credits may be chosen from the following courses: FLGR 116, 117, 120, 214 or any upper-level German course approved by the department.

    Corequisites may be chosen from ART 202, ENGL 273, GEOG 234, HIST 281 or 473, PHIL 318 or 457, POLS 222 or 426. Two of the corequisites should be at the 300-level or above.

    A minimum of 12 credits must be taken in residence.

    A minimum QPA of 2.5 must be maintained in program courses.

French or Spanish Minor

  • Twelve semester hours in the minor must be completed at East Stroudsburg University. This residency requirement applies to all students, including transfer students who arrive with credits completed elsewhere.

    Students are required to maintain a QPA of 2.50. No grade less than "C" will be accepted in any course within the minor. Native speakers choosing a minor in their native language will be required to complete twelve credits at the 300-400 level.

Elementary Education Concentration

  • Students must maintain a 2.50 quality point average in their area of concentration. No grade less than "C" will be accepted in any course within the concentration.

    Foreign Language General

    The following courses may not be counted toward the major: FLFR 120; FLSP 120; FLFR 141; FLSP 143; FLSP 233; FLSP 234. These courses do count toward General Education.

    Departmental Authorization for Native/Near-native Speakers

    This option is available only to native speakers of French or Spanish. Such a student will apply for authorization only after having spent at least two semesters at East Stroudsburg University and only after having completed two language courses at ESU at the 300 level or above, and having earned a QPA of 3.0 or better in the major.

    The student will be required to write a detailed statement in the target language concerning the extent of language experience and the relation of that language experience to a legitimate course of study. Each application will receive the consideration of the total department membership, and the decision concerning the number of credits to be granted will be decided collaboratively between the department chair and the professors of the language area in question.

    The maximum number of credits which may be granted by the department is six (6). The Foreign Language Department may authorize credit only for those languages in which it offers a major, namely French or Spanish. This policy also applies to any credits granted through examination. (See Department of Foreign Languages for specific information.)

    Native speakers choosing a major in their native language will be required to complete 12 credits at the 300-400 level, in addition to required courses.

    Please note: Native speakers choosing courses in their native language (but not majoring in the language) will be placed in appropriate courses by Foreign Language Faculty.

    General Education Offerings: Students with advanced language skills who start a language sequence at a level above the GE courses listed may substitute that course(s) as valid GE offerings.

Faculty

Modern Languages Course Descriptions

  • FLNG 120 GE: Classical Mythology (3)

    • This course will study the nature and development of classical mythology through its various manifestations in the Greco-Roman world. Topics will include cosmology, Homeric heroes, the Olympians, fertility myths, and ancient religious customs. The class will read from a wide range of primary texts (Homer, Ovid, Virgil) and will also examine the legacy of classical mythology in selected works of modern art and literature.

  • FLNG 361 Introduction to Linguistics (3)

    • This course examines the nature of language. Characteristics of phonological and grammatical systems and techniques of linguistic analysis are considered. The field of linguistics is discussed. Prerequisite: Advanced standing.

  • FLNG 485 Independent Study (semester hours to be arranged)

    • This course will provide an opportunity for students to receive further language instruction or engage in directed research and study of a selected topic on an individual basis. Specific course requirements and evaluations will be developed by the instructor and approved by the chair. Prerequisites: For languages, two courses in the appropriate language or culture area, if those courses exist; for directed research, advanced standing of 75 credits.

  • FLNG 499 Student Teaching Internship (1)

    • This course is designed to provide the student with an opportunity to work with a faculty member in the student's primary Arts and Sciences discipline during the student teaching experience. The course will enhance the student's ability to understand and maximize the relationship between disciplinary subject matter and pedagogy. Prerequisite: Qualification to student teach. Concurrent registration in PSED 430 or 431.

  • Arabic

    • FLAR 116 GE: Arabic I (3)
      • This is a foundation course in elementary Arabic. Emphasis will be placed on developing basic oral proficiency, studying the structure of the language, and examining its relevant cultural contexts. Multimedia resources at the Language Learning Center will supplement course materials. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than one year of previous study, are admitted. This is not a course for heritage speakers of Arabic.

    • FLAR 117 GE: Arabic II (3)
      • This course completes the first-year introduction to Arabic, providing students with the knowledge and skills needed to function at the elementary level. Emphasis will be placed on developing oral proficiency appropriate to level II, studying grammatical structures of the language, and further examining relevant cultural context. Multimedia resources at the Language Learning Center will supplement course materials. Prerequisites: FLAR 116 or the equivalent of one semester of college-level study, or no more that 2-3 years high school study. This is not a course for heritage speakers of Arabic.

  • Asian Languages

    • FLCH 116 GE: Chinese I (3)
      • This is a foundation course in Chinese language. It will provide the students with the basic skills of speaking and listening. It will include extensive study of language structures and vocabulary aimed at facilitating authentic communication with native speakers. Use of the language lab as determined by the instructor will be required. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLCH 117 GE: Chinese II (3)
      • This course will further develop skills acquired in Chinese I. It will provide the students with extended practice in speaking and listening. It will include extensive study of language structures and vocabulary aimed at facilitating authentic communication with native speakers. Use of the language lab as determined by the instructor will be required. Prerequisites: FLCH 116

    • FLCH 214 Chinese III (3)
      • This course is a third-semester course designed to advance students toward intermediate proficiency in Chinese (Mandarin). Reading, writing, listening and speaking skills will be developed via textbook and multimedia resources both in and out of the classroom, with a communicative orientation emphasizing authentic cultural content and real-world competencies. Prerequisites: FLCH 117, or equivalent.

    • FLCH 215 Chinese IV (3)
      • This course is a fourth-semester course designed to advance students toward upper-intermediate proficiency in Chinese (Mandarin). Reading, writing, listening and speaking skills will be developed via textbook and multimedia resources both in and out of the classroom, with a communicative orientation emphasizing authentic cultural content and real-world competencies. Prerequisites: FLCH 214, or equivalent.

    • FLCH 221 Reading Chinese (3)
      • Written Chinese texts from the realms of business, health-related services, literature, philosophy and science form the core materials for this intermediate-level course. Its purpose is to improve each student's facility in reading Chinese (Mandarin). A systematic review of language structures and regular acquisition of new vocabulary will accompany the guided readings. Simplified Chinese Characters will be used almost exclusively in these readings. Prerequisite: FLCH 215 or equivalent.

    • FLCH 235 Chinese Listening and Speaking (3)
      • The purpose of this intermediate-level course is to improve each student's speaking and listening comprehension in Chinese (Mandarin). This is accomplished via authentic Chinese sources (newscasts, music, radio, readings, etc.), practice with communicative situations, ongoing grammatical study and continuing expansion of vocabulary. Prerequisite: FLCH 215 or equivalent.

    • FLJA 116 GE: Japanese I (3)
      • This is a foundation course in Japanese language. It will provide the students with the basic skills of speaking and listening. It will include extensive study of language structures and vocabulary aimed at facilitating authentic communication with native speakers. Use of the language lab as determined by the instructor will be required. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study in the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLJA 117 GE: Japanese II (3)
      • This course will further develop skills acquired in Japanese I. It will provide the students with extended practice in speaking and listening. It will include extensive study of language structures and vocabulary aimed at facilitating authentic communication with native speakers. Use of the language lab as determined by the instructor will be required. Prerequisites: FLJA 116 or equivalent of no more than one semester of college-level study.

  • French

    • FLFR 116 GE: French I (3)
      • This is a foundation course designed for the beginning student. It includes the study of grammar and reading materials and emphasizes social and cultural values. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLFR 117 GE: French II (3)
      • This is a continuation of French I. Its purpose is to further reinforce previously acquired basic language skills. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisite: FLFR 116 or equivalent of one semester of college-level study, or no more than 2-3 years combined total of junior high/high school language.

    • FLFR 120 GE: French Masterpieces in Translation (3)
      • This is a general education course open to all students except French majors. It includes reading and analysis of representative French works, done in English translation, of the 19th and 20th centuries.

    • FLFR 141 GE: French Influence on European Culture (3)
      • This course, in English translation, concentrates on original esthetic texts, which reveal the movement of ideas at two high points in French civilization. It shows the reasoning behind French baroque, classicism, romanticism, symbolism, Dadaism, and Surrealism. This course is open to all students except French majors.

    • FLFR 214 GE: French III (3)
      • This is an intermediate level course designed to improve the communicative skills of students who have studied French for one-year in college or 4 years in high school. Students will practice patterns of grammatical structures both orally and in written exercises. Prerequisites: FLFR 117, or four years of high school French.

    • FLFR 215 GE: French IV (3)
      • This is a continuation of the French III course, and is designed to further develop those skills already learned. New grammatical concepts will be learned as well. Prerequisite: FLFR 214 or equivalent high school preparation.

    • FLFR 221 Reading French (3)
      • This is an intermediate level course designed to meet the needs of students who are interested in learning to read French. Students will develop both active and passive vocabulary through reading materials, which are graded as to level of difficulty. Prerequisite: FLFR 214 or equivalent.

    • FLFR 231 GE: French for Travelers (3)
      • This is an intermediate language course designed for the student who wishes to acquire conversational skills, which will enable the student to travel more efficiently and with greater language ease in French-speaking countries. Prerequisites: FLFR 116 and 117, or equivalent.

    • FLFR 235 Listening/Speaking French (3)
      • This is an intermediate course designed to develop the listening/speaking skills in the target language. The exercises will include conversations, commercials, and formal speeches. Students will be able to distinguish between formal and colloquial language. Prerequisite: FLFR 214 or equivalent.

    • FLFR 251 Translation: French (3)
      • This is an intermediate course designed to develop the facility of translation into English with texts, which are graded as to level of difficulty. Readings may include several modern short stories, current newspaper articles, magazine articles, and excerpts from various texts. Offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLFR 214 or equivalent.

    • FLFR 290 Special Topics (3) (Semester hours arranged)
      • These courses are designed to meet specific needs of students. Such courses are offered on a trial basis to determine the demand for and value of introducing them as part of the curriculum.

    • FLFR 301 Introduction to French and Francophone Literature (3)
      • This course includes reading and analysis of representative works of French and Francophone literature. Students will develop their linguistic skills through a series of interpretative essays and oral reports. Prerequisite: FLFR 215 or equivalent.

    • FLFR 302 French and Francophone Media (3)
      • This course will introduce students to the diversity of present-day media in France and the French-speaking world. The course will cover a wide range of sources including print (newspapers, magazines), audio (live and recorded radio broadcasts), video (recorded programs from French television), and various electronic resources. Class participation, oral reports and written assignments will emphasize the development of language skills needed to comprehend and discuss the issues raised. Prerequisite: French 215 or equivalent.

    • FLFR 305 French and Francophone Cinema (3)
      • This course will involve screenings and discussions of selected films from three distinct periods: classic French cinema (Gance, Carne', Renoir), the new wave (Truffaut, Godard, Rohmer) and contemporary Francophone cinema. Students will present oral reports and write analytic essays in French on the films viewed. Prerequisites: FLFR 215 or 4 years of high school French.

    • FLFR 307 French for Professional Communication (3)
      • Students will read, discuss, evaluate and translate a variety of sources reflecting current developments in the realms of business, science and technology. There will be an introduction to the specialized vocabulary of each profession with extensive practice in discussing topics relevant to these fields. Students will complete a series of oral and written assignments, including technical translations. Prerequisite: FLFR 215 or equivalent.

    • FLFR 312 French Poetry (3)
      • This course will trace the evolution of poetic discourse in France, focusing on four periods: Renaissance love lyric, the Romantic poetics of hyperbole, Symbolist poetics (Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud, Mallarme) and twentieth-century innovations (Apollinaire, Valery, Breton, Eluard, Ponge, Michaux). The intertexual relationship of poetry to painting and music will help situate our reading within a broad cultural context. Students will present several reports and write brief essays in French on the poems studied. Prerequisite: FLFR 215 and FLFR 301 or equivalent.

    • FLFR 315 French Grammar and Composition (3)
      • This course consists of a thorough review of grammar, verbs, and idioms with much practical exercise in composition; it is required for all majors. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLFR 235.

    • FLFR 336 French Oral Practice (3)
      • This course is designed to help the student attain fluency in French. It includes a presentation, discussion, and criticism of timed oral reports on a wide variety of subjects, as well as individual use of the language laboratory. The class limit is 12 students and offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLFR 235.

    • FLFR 343 French Civilization (3)
      • This course covers the history, geography and cultural trends of France from early periods to the modern-day. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLFR 215.

    • FLFR 401 Paris as Cultural Icon (3)
      • This course will examine selected works of fiction, poetry, films, paintings, photographs and other cultural artifacts which reflect the status of Paris as the capital of French culture. The class will study the links between the city's artistic status and the transformations operated by Haussmann, Mitterand and other civic leaders. Prerequisites: FLFR 301, and FLFR 215 or 4 years of high school French.

    • FLFR 417 The French Literature of Ideas (3)
      • This course will trace the development of the "literature of ideas" in France from it's Renaissance origins in the "Essais" of Montaigne, through its Enlightenment manifestations in the writings of Voltaire, Diderot and Rousseau, its existential anxiety in Sartre and Camus, and its post-modern dissolution in texts by Barthes, Foucault and Derrida. A major theme of the course will be the historical and cultural implications of this tradition, such as the American Revolution's debt to the French Enlightenment or the pervasive post-war malaise in Europe which found its voice in existentialism. The course is conducted entirely in French. Prerequisites: FLFR 215 or 4 years of high school French, and FLFR 301.

    • FLFR 423 Nineteenth Century French Literature (3)
      • This course examines the backgrounds and distinctive features of Romantic and Realistic periods. It includes readings in prose and poetry from representative authors, including Hugo, Vigny, Musset, Stendhal, Balzac, Zola, Flaubert, and Maupassant. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLFR 215, 221.

    • FLFR 424 Twentieth Century French Literature (3)
      • This course surveys the significant writers of this century, including Proust, Gide, Colette, Sartre, Camus, and Beckett. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLFR 215, 221.

    • FLFR 425 Seventeenth Century French Literature (3)
      • This course includes readings from Corneille, Racine, Moliere, and other representative writers of the century, as well as supplementary readings and reports on historical backgrounds. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLFR 215, 221.

    • FLFR 426 Modern French Drama (3)
      • This course surveys the French Theatre from the late 19th century to the present. It includes a study of various dramatic forms as seen in the reading of significant plays. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLFR 215, 221.

    • FLFR 485 Independent Study (semester hours to be arranged)
    • FLFR 495 Seminar (3)
  • German

    • FLGR 116 GE: German I (3)
      • This is a foundation course designed for the beginning student. It includes the study of grammar and reading materials and emphasizes social and cultural values. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLGR 117 GE: German II (3)
      • This is a continuation of German I. Its purpose is to further reinforce previously acquired basic language skills. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisite: FLGR 116 or equivalent of one semester of college-level study, or no more than 2-3 years combined total of junior high/high school language.

    • FLGR 120 GE: German Masterpieces in Translation (3)
      • Readings in English translation may include works by Kafka, Mann, Hesse, Brecht, and others. This is a general education course open to all students except German majors. No prerequisite.

    • FLGR 214 GE: German III (3)
      • This is an intermediate level course designed to meet the needs of students who are interested in reviewing German grammar. Students will practice patterns of grammatical structures both orally and in written exercises. Prerequisites: FLGR 117, or 4 years of high school German.

    • FLGR 215 GE: German IV (3)
      • This is a continuation of the German III course. The course is designed to further develop skills already learned as well as to introduce grammatical concepts of a more complex nature. Prerequisite: FLGR 214 or equivalent high school preparation.

    • FLGR 221 Reading German (3)
      • This is an intermediate level course designed to meet the needs of students who are interested in learning to read German. Students will develop both active and passive vocabulary through reading materials, which are graded as to level of difficulty. Prerequisite: FLGR 215 or equivalent.

    • FLGR 231 GE: German for Travelers (3)
      • This is an intermediate language course designed for the student who wishes to acquire conversational skills, which will enable the student to travel more efficiently and with greater language ease in German-speaking countries. Prerequisites: FLGR 116 and 117, or equivalent.

    • FLGR 235 Listening/Speaking German (3)
      • This is an intermediate course designed to develop the listening/speaking skills in the target language. The exercises will include conversations, commercials, and formal speeches. Students will be able to distinguish between formal and colloquial language. Prerequisite: FLGR 215 or equivalent.

    • FLGR 251 Translation: German (3)
      • This is an intermediate course designed to develop the facility of translation into English with texts, which are graded as to level of difficulty. Readings may include several modern short stories, current newspaper articles, magazine articles, and excerpts from various texts. Offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLGR 215 or equivalent.

    • FLGR 290 Special Topics (3) (Semester hours arranged)
      • These courses are designed to meet specific needs of students. Such courses are offered on a trial basis to determine the demand for and value of introducing them as part of the curriculum.

    • FLGR 315 German Grammar and Composition (3)
      • This course is a thorough review of grammar with exercises in composition. Offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLGR 215 or equivalent.

    • FLGR 336 German Oral Practice (3)
      • This course is designed to help the student attain fluency in German. It includes the presentation, discussion, and criticism of timed oral reports on a wide variety of subjects, memorization of prose and poetry for improving diction, and individual use of the language laboratory. The class is limited to 12 students and is offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLGR 235.

  • Italian

    • FLIT 116 GE: Italian I (3)
      • This is a foundation course in elementary Italian. It will emphasize the development of conversational skills and the study of basic language structures within a cultural context. Use of the language lab as determined by the instructor will be required. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLIT 117 GE: Italian II (3)
      • This is a continuation of Italian I. Its purpose is to further reinforce previously acquired basic language skills. Use of the language lab as required by the instructor will be required. Prerequisites: FLIT 116

  • Latin

    • FLLN 116 GE: Latin I (3)
      • This is a foundation course designed for the beginning student. It includes the study of grammar and reading materials and emphasizes social and cultural values. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLLN 117 GE: Latin II (3)
      • This is a continuation of Latin I. Its purpose is to further reinforce previously acquired basic language skills. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisite: FLLN 116 or equivalent of one semester of college-level study, or no more than 2-3 years combined total of junior high/high school language.

    • FLLN 221 Reading Latin (3)
      • This is an intermediate level course designed to develop reading skills in Latin while exploring the fundamental themes and remarkable diversity of Roman literary culture. A sequence of graded readings will include selections from Caesar, Cicero, Catullus, Ovid, and Virgil. Prerequisite: FLLN 117 or equivalent.

  • Portuguese

    • FLPG 116 GE: Portuguese I (3)
      • This is a foundation course in elementary Portuguese. Emphasis will be placed on oral proficiency, the structure of the language, and the variety of its cultural contexts throughout the world. Multimedia resources from the Language Learning Center will supplement course materials. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than one year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLPG 117 GE: Portuguese II (3)
      • This course completes the first-year introduction to Portuguese, providing students with the knowledge and skills to function with elementary fluency in the language. Emphasis will be placed on oral proficiency, the structure of the language, and the variety of its cultural contexts throughout the world. Multimedia resources from the Language Learning Center will supplement course materials. Prerequisites: FLPG 116 or the equivalent of one semester of college-level study, or no more than 2-3 years combined total of junior high/high school language.

  • Russian

    • FLRU 116 GE: Russian I (3)
      • This is a foundation course designed for the beginning student. It includes the study of grammar and reading materials and emphasizes social and cultural values. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLRU 117 GE: Russian II (3)
      • This is a continuation of Russian I. Its purpose is to further reinforce previously acquired basic language skills. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisite: FLRU 116 or equivalent of one semester of college-level study, or no more than 2-3 years combined total of junior high/high school language.

    • FLRU 120 GE: Masterpieces of Russian Literature in Translation (3)
      • This General Education course will introduce students to the extraordinary diversity and visionary depth of Russian literature within its historical context. Readings will be drawn from representative 19th and 20th century authors, including Pushkin, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Chekhov and Solzhenitsyn. Brief writing assignments will be required.

  • Spanish

    • FLSP 116 GE: Spanish I (3)
      • This is a foundation course designed for the beginning student. It includes the study of grammar and reading materials and emphasizes social and cultural values. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisites: Students with no previous study of the language, or no more than 1 year of previous study, will be admitted.

    • FLSP 117 GE: Spanish II (3)
      • This is a continuation of Spanish I. Its purpose is to further reinforce previously acquired basic language skills. Use of the language laboratory as required by the instructor. Prerequisite: FLSP 116 or equivalent of one semester of college-level study, or no more than 2-3 years combined total of junior high/high school language.

    • FLSP 120 GE: Spanish Masterpieces in Translation (3)
      • This course is designed for non-Spanish majors in which English translations of Peninsular and Latin American literature are read and discussed. Attention is given to cultural understanding and to the interrelationships of literary works. The course is offered on demand.

    • FLSP 143 GE: Spanish Language and Culture Through Media (3)
      • This course is designed to develop an awareness and understanding of the differences between the cultures of the Spanish-speaking peoples and that of the student. These objectives are met through the use of media, including slides, films, filmstrips, and recordings. This course is open to all students except Spanish majors. The course is conducted in English and offered on demand.

    • FLSP 214 GE: Spanish III (3)
      • This is an intermediate level course designed to meet the needs of students who are interested in reviewing Spanish grammar. Students will practice patterns of grammatical structures both orally and in written exercises. Prerequisites: FLSP 117, or 4 years of high school Spanish.

    • FLSP 215 GE: Spanish IV (3)
      • This is a continuation of the Spanish III course. The course is designed to further develop skills already learned, as well as to introduce grammatical concepts of a more complex nature. Prerequisite: FLSP 214 or equivalent high school preparation.

    • FLSP 221 Reading Spanish (3)
      • This is an intermediate level course designed to meet the needs of students who are interested in learning to read Spanish. Students will develop both active and passive vocabulary through reading materials which are graded as to level of difficulty. Prerequisite: FLSP 215 or equivalent.

    • FLSP 231 GE: Spanish for Travelers (3)
      • This is an intermediate language course designed for the student who wishes to acquire conversational skills which will enable him to travel more efficiently and with greater language ease in Spanish-speaking countries. Prerequisites: FLSP 116 and 117, or equivalent.

    • FLSP 233 Conversational Spanish for Health Services (3)
      • Practical situations will be simulated in the classroom to provide individuals with basic conversational skills in Spanish in order to communicate with Spanish-speaking patients. Students will learn dialogues based upon typical hospital situations, i.e., parts of the body, useful phrases, and questions for testing, diagnosis, and treatment procedures. Students will also learn to respond more effectively to the needs and requests of the patient. The course may not be counted toward the major in Spanish. Prerequisites: FLSP 116 and 117, or high school equivalent.

    • FLSP 234 Conversational Spanish for Social Services (3)
      • Practical situations will be simulated in the classroom to provide opportunities for developing conversational skills useful for personnel in social services (i.e., criminal justice administration and social work). The focus will be on appropriate vocabulary, analysis of native mores, expectations of the U.S. system, and other areas that will promote Spanish communication between social service personnel and people of Spanish-speaking backgrounds. The course may not be counted toward the major in Spanish. Prerequisites: FLSP 116 and 117, or high school equivalent.

    • FLSP 235 Listening/Speaking Spanish (3)
      • This is an intermediate course designed to develop the listening/speaking skills in the target language. The exercises will include conversations, commercials, and formal speeches. Students will be able to distinguish between formal and colloquial language. Prerequisite: FLSP 215 or equivalent.

    • FLSP 251 Translation: Spanish (3)
      • This is an intermediate course designed to develop the facility of translation into English with texts which are graded as to level of difficulty. Readings include current newspaper articles, magazine articles, and excerpts from various texts. Offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLSP 215 or equivalent.

    • FLSP 290 Special Topics (3) (Semester hours arranged)
      • These courses are designed to meet specific needs of students. Such courses are offered on a trial basis to determine the demand for and value of introducing them as part of the college curriculum.

    • FLSP 305 Spanish and Latin American Culture through Cinema (3)
      • This course is designed to give students the opportunity to examine and appreciate the rich and diverse cultures of Spain, Latin America and Latinos in the United States through films, videos and selected readings, as well as to improve their formal knowledge of the language. The course will combine lecture, film viewing and discussion in each class. Prerequisite: FLSP 235.

    • FLSP 307 Spanish for Business (3)
      • This course provides students who have at least intermediate-level Spanish fluency the opportunity to deepen their language skills via focused study of the business environments of Latin America, Spain and the U.S. Latino communities. Students will practice essential business vocabulary; engage in situational conversation for various commercial sectors; write effective business documents; and learn to communicate appropriately in cross-cultural business settings. Prerequisite: FLSP 117 or equivalent.

    • FLSP 310 A Critical Approach to Spanish Literature (3)
      • This is a course designed to acquaint Spanish students, advancing from skill courses in communication to liberated reading, with basic elements of literary appreciation and methods of literary evaluation. Prerequisite: FLSP 221.

    • FLSP 315 Spanish Grammar and Composition (3)
      • This course is a thorough and systematic survey of Spanish grammar. Composition themes will be based on important phases of Spanish life and culture. Prerequisite: FLSP 215 or equivalent.

    • FLSP 336 Spanish Oral Practice (3)
      • This course is designed to help the student attain fluency in Spanish. It includes the presentation, discussion, and criticism of timed oral reports on a wide variety of subjects, as well as one-to-one student-teacher conferences and individual sessions in the language laboratory. This class is limited to 12 students and is offered on demand. Prerequisite: FLSP 235.

    • FLSP 401 Readings in Spanish Literature (3)
      • Students undertake analytical readings of selected works of Spanish literature and engage in critical discussions of them. The course proceeds chronologically, beginning with a short introduction to the Latin roots of Castilian, and providing historical context for subsequent literary movements and writers as they are taken up. Each student will also engage in more focused research and writing on some aspects of the course material covered. Prerequisites: FLSP 310, 315 or 4 years of high school Spanish.

    • FLSP 402 Readings in Spanish-American Literature (3)
      • Students undertake analytical readings of selected works of Spanish-American literature and engage in critical discussions of them. The course proceeds chronologically, beginning with a short introduction to indigenous literary compositions, and providing historical context for subsequent Spanish-language movements and writers as they are taken up. Each student will also engage in more focused research and writing on some aspect of the course material covered. Prerequisites: FLSP 215, 310 or 4 years of high school Spanish.

    • FLSP 410 Caribbean Literature and Culture (3)
      • This course examines the literary and social traditions of the Spanish-speaking Caribbean (Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico) within the context of the Caribbean basin. Emphasis is given to the major literary and social works from the Colonial period to the present. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites for undergraduates: FLSP 310 and one of the following courses: FLSP 401, 402, 444, or 445.

    • FLSP 416 Spanish Language for Native Speakers (3)
      • This course is designed for native speakers of Spanish who want to improve their formal knowledge of the language. At the undergraduate level it is to be taken in place of FLSP 315 (Spanish Grammar and Composition). Admissions will be determined by Spanish faculty. Prerequisites: Native-speaking ability as determined by the Department and FLSP 310 and 336.

    • FLSP 421 Spanish Golden Age Literature (3)
      • This course includes reading and analysis of key literary works of the Spanish Golden Age, with contextual study of medieval and humanist influences upon authors of that period. Prerequisites: FLSP 310, 315.

    • FLSP 423 Mexican Literature (3)
      • This course is an intensive study of prose literature which has appeared in Mexico since the Revolution. Reading and discussion of major works by Paz, Rulfo, Azuela, Yanez, Fuentes, and Ruben Romero are included. This course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLSP 310.

    • FLSP 425 Latin American Short Story (3)
      • This course examines the development of the modern short story in Latin America from its nineteenth-century roots through several twentieth-century phases and into its present forms. Relevant theory and sociocultural context will accompany the study of this literature. Taught in Spanish.

        Prerequisites: FLSP 310 and one of the following survey courses: FLSP 402, 444, 445.

    • FLSP 426 Twentieth Century Spanish Drama (3)
      • This course is a study of the modern drama including the works of Frederico Garcia Lorca and Alejandro Casona, as well as Post-War dramatists. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLSP 310.

    • FLSP 427 The Representative Latin American Novel (3)
      • This course involves reading and analyzing significant Latin American novels which reflect social, political, intellectual, and cultural developments from the colonial period to the present. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLSP 310.

    • FLSP 428 Twentieth Century Spanish Literature (3)
      • This course is an in-depth study of representative works of prose and poetry from the generation of 1898 to the present. The course is offered on demand. Prerequisites: FLSP 310.

    • FLSP 430 Modernismo: Prose and Poetry (3)
      • This course is a study of the writings of the key figures of the Modernismo movement in Latin America and their impact on Hispanic literature in Europe and the Americas. The scope is multinational, and it includes the various generations that constitute this movement. This course is taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FLSP 310 or 4 years of high school Spanish, FLSP 315

    • FLSP 435 Afro-Latin American Literature (3)
      • This course examines the literature and cultural context of peoples of African descent in Latin American societies from the end of the colonial period to the present day. Through critical readings of literary texts by and about Afro-Latin Americans, with supplementary historical documentation and film, students explore the experiences of members of this group and learn how they have been represented in Latin America. Prerequities: FLSP 310 or equivalent or one of the advanced language courses or a language proficiency course (EDC).

    • FLSP 440 Women and Society in the Literature of Spain and Latin America (3)
      • This course guides students through an analysis of the representation of female characters in the literature of Spain and Latin America from the sixteenth century to the present. The selected literature will be examined for its aesthetics, for its function within society and for the questions raised by it throughout history. Accompanying the literary readings will be contextual study that highlights the evolution of women's roles in society. Taught in Spanish. For undergraduate students the prerequisites: FLSP 310 and one of the following survey courses: FLSP 401, 402, 444, or 445.

    • FLSP 444 Cultural History of Spain
      • This course consists of selected readings and directed discussion on the cultural history of Spain from the pre Roman era to today. Cultural artifacts to be studied include literature, visual art, music and key historical documents. Each student will also engage in more focused research and writing on some aspect of the course material covered. Prerequisites: FLSP 215, 221 or equivalent.

    • FLSP 445 Cultural History of Latin America (3)
      • This course consists of selected readings and directed discussion on the cultural history of Latin America from the pre-contact era to today. Cultural artifacts to be studied include literature, visual art, music and key historical documents. Each student will also engage in more focused research and writing on some aspect of the course material covered. Prerequisites: FLSP 215, 221 or equivalent.

    • FLSP 450 U.S. Latino Literature and Culture (3)
      • This interdisciplinary course explores the presence, culture, literature and history of the Latino population in the US, through literary texts, film, media, newspapers and other cultural production. This course is offered in Spanish. Prerequisite: FLSP 215, 310 or their equivalents.

    • FLSP 485 Independent Study (semester hours to be arranged)
    • FLSP 495 Seminar (3)
      • This advanced level course will cover varied topics in Spanish and Spanish American literature and culture. Students will write a research paper and present an oral report. (In addition to presenting an in-depth oral report, graduate students will be required to submit a 15-page research paper in strict compliance with MLA guidelines, which must include at least three documented sources). Prerequisites: FLSP 310 and one additional 300/400 level class.